May 2010 Archives
Venue: Datong Coal Technology College Exhibition Center, Shanxi
Date: 17-19 May 2010
Organiser: Taiyuan Aides Exhibition and Planning Co., Ltd
Tel: +86 0351 786 9527
As one of the leading international expositions for coal mining equipment and alternative energy sources, this expo gathers major players in these industries to advance international communication and cooperation. A platform is provided for domestic and international enterprises to establish, maintain and strengthen their strategic partnerships. The exhibition fully showcases the energy sector’s latest technology, equipment and protective devices as well as displays the most recent professional coal mining equipment for underground transportation, coal washing and screening. Head west to Shanxi to catch this three-day exhibition.
The dry spell that began in the fall of 2009 is hurting China's industrial sector despite its location in the primarily agricultural provinces of the southwest.
China needs to experience at least ten instances of medium to heavy rainfall to ease the current aridity of Chongqing, and the provinces of Yunnan, Guizhou, Guangxi and Sichuan. Otherwise, productivity in the export manufacturing industries and, consequently, delivery lead times will be significantly impacted.
Although production in the southwestern provinces centres on agriculture, some industrial sectors have a presence there. Yunnan, for instance, is one of the country's major manufacturers of rubber. Last year, the province turned out 302,000 tons of raw rubber, contributing nearly 39% of the nation’s annual yield. The months-long drought, however, is curtailing volume, which is projected to decrease 10 to 20% percent if the situation does not improve before June.
China already imports much of its rubber from Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand and Vietnam. But the drought affecting the country's southwest is felt by all areas along the Mekong River, which includes Thailand and Vietnam. Demand for rubber continues to grow alongside China’s heightened tyre production. As a result, the cost of natural rubber increased to 25,000 yuan ($3,660) per ton in April, up 12% from just two months prior.
Publicly listed tyre maker Aeolus reports that rubber in the domestic and international spot markets is now 10 to 14% more expensive than it was in October 2009. Among local processors, Kunming Yun Ken Rubber Co. Ltd, which is currently turning out two-thirds less than its average yield, offers natural rubber at more than 24,000 yuan ($3,510) per ton.
There is some concern that rubber costs might soar to record highs in H2 2010 if the drought does not ease in May.
No rain, no power
The resulting shortage in electricity is one of the reasons why the drought has severely hampered rubber production. Hydropower is one of the most important sources of energy in the southwestern provinces, contributing 45 to 50% of the region’s total energy supply. The extended dry season, however, has made it difficult for hydropower stations to generate at full capacity. As such, the region is now experiencing a 25 to 30% shortfall in its required electrical output.
Apart from rubber, nonferrous metals such as copper, aluminium, zinc and tin are widely processed in Yunnan. Although the energy deficit has slowed smelting and refining, productivity in this sector has not been as severely affected.
Although copper is a major input for the manufacturing of consumer electronics, Yunnan accounts for only 9% of national output. Priority has been given to large nonferrous metal suppliers in the process of power rationing, to include producers of copper, allowing those in the nonferrous industry to yield a 64% m-o-m growth in output during March. Moreover, many of these large producers have standalone power stations.
Aluminium is a key metal as well, particularly as an input for the production of kitchenware, hardware, and in the housing for some electronics products. The drought and the resulting energy shortfall is affecting manufacturers’ ability to perform electrolysis—the energy intensive technique used to produce aluminium—thereby causing those in the industry to reduce their projections of output by 20% for the year. However, this may not be a detrimental development for China’s aluminium industry, currently experiencing an oversupply of the metal.
The effects of the power deficit have reached even the coastal provinces. Guangdong, for instance, used to acquire 30 percent of its electricity from the southwest. Now, the province supplies a portion of its power load to the interior.
The Guangdong Economic and Information Technology Commission puts the current shortfall at 3.35 million kW per day. This situation has led to a peak-shifting strategy, where high-electricity consuming industries have to carry out their operations at night. In major cities such as Guangzhou and Shenzhen, industrial parks and high-tech enterprises are guaranteed sufficient power.
However, if the drought extends through June, Guangdong’s production will inevitably be affected. Businesses that are already reeling from the effects of a labor shortage will have to contend with power outages as well, which will inevitably result in missed deadlines and delayed deliveries.
This article was originally published by Global Sources, a leading business-to-business media company and a primary facilitator of trade with China manufacturers and India suppliers, providing essential sourcing information to volume buyers through e-magazines, trade shows and industry research.
In spite of Baidu’s dominant position, the Chinese search engine market is host to several smaller competitors. The main ones are the Chinese division of Microsoft’s Bing; a Beijing based search engine named SoGou, owned by the large Chinese internet entity SoHu; former Google partner SoSo.com, owned by Tencent Inc.; and the Chinese division of Yahoo which owns 44% of the Chinese business-to-business site Alibaba.com. These potential challengers are all much smaller than Baidu, each holding less than 1% market share prior to Google’s withdrawal.
Nevertheless these companies are displaying some advantages which may yet enhance their ability to take on Baidu. Many of the competitors are, like Baidu, domestic firms with a better grasp on the Chinese market. Craig Mundie, Microsoft’s Chief Research and Strategy Officer, recently stated that Microsoft’s ability, as a Western firm, to maintain a longer presence in China indicates Bing’s potential to succeed. For its part, SoGou is supported by an active community centered on its parent SoHu.com.
Still, Q1 2010 data published by Analysys International suggests that Baidu profited the most from Google’s China exit. Baidu managed to extend its market share from 58.4% at the end of last year to an impressive 64% by the end of Q1 2010. While Baidu’s growth is not surprising, the fact that it extends beyond Google’s market share loss of 4.7% is. Instead of only acquiring some of the market share previously held by Google, other competitors have conceded a further 0.9% to Baidu, a significant chunk of their already puny holdings. Additionally, recent declarations of a 165% increase in Q1 net income and the implementation—to come on 12 May 2010—of a 10-for-1 split for its American depositary shares are indicative of Baidu’s momentum. Baidu’s competitors in China, it seems, simply lack the size and the ability to step up and fill the void left by Google’s exit. The current state of the industry thus seems to suggest that Baidu will reign undisturbed for now, drawing the majority of advertising revenue until its competitors manage to find a niche of their own in the Chinese market.
There are signs that something is stirring among Baidu’s remaining competitors, however. Recent rumors of a possible partnership between large Chinese internet company NetEase and MSN could, through NetEase’s vast user base and expert market knowledge, just give Bing a necessary boost to threaten Baidu’s entrenched position. Yet it remains a question of when – as well as if.
In the leading features we trace China's industrial heritage and progression in science and technology and look at its most innovative firms. We also consider the rise of China's engineering and design firms rapidly gaining global market share as well as China's new-found prowess in mining processing technology.
The rest of the magazine contains some interesting additions. In China Sourcing Strategy, for example, we have an extended map of China's leading industrial clusters, and in the Strategy section we have an in-depth analysis of China's role in the global gold mining industry, along with an investigation of China's largest and most successful gold mining firm: Zijin Mining Group. In addition, the China-Latin America Regional Focus section contains an interview with Tatiana Rosito, the Brazilian Trade and Economic Counsellor in Beijing, on the state of the Brazil-China bilateral relationship.
These are only some of the things you will find in the new edition, so without further ado, here it is (1.9 MB):
The China Analyst - May 2010.pdf
If you have any thoughts, we'd love to hear from you.
Venue: Shanghai International Exhibition Centre
Date: 11-13 May 2010
Organiser: Shanghai Shenshi Exhibition Service Co., Ltd.
As one of the leading and most specialised international pipe fittings exhibitions in the Asia-Pacific region, this expo is intended to provide a platform for enterprises at home and abroad to build, develop and maintain relationships. The expo will showcase the latest industrial information as well as three main types of products namely pipes, flanges and pipe equipment. This expo is also intended to serve as a cross-border business bridge that can help both suppliers and users to acquire international market information, observe industrial trends and build distribution channels.